Scientific progress has its limits, and today there are many unexplained phenomena.
The human being has sought since ancient times an explanation for all the phenomena, situations and elements that are part of life. Science was born from the search for an explanation of these phenomena and aspects, trying to gather objective knowledge based on verifiable assumptions so that other types of explanations of a more subjective nature were left behind.
Thanks to it, we have made unthinkable advances in other times, improving our understanding of the universe and ourselves and allowing us to achieve an unprecedented state of well-being, lengthening our life expectancy and allowing our flourishing and development. However, there are still a lot of aspects that still cannot be explained. Throughout this article are 10 things that cannot be explained by science, at least for the moment.
Ten aspects debatable or not explainable by science
Here we present a dozen things that cannot be fully explained by science today, or that although they are considered proven, may be subject to debate.
1. The veracity of logic and mathematics
Given that science is largely based on logical and mathematical assumptions, explaining and proving the truth of mathematics from it is redundant and prevents a real falsifiability of the results. For example, we assume that if we add one plus one the result will always be two unless we introduce other elements. The fact that aspects as objective as mathematics are not totally reliable has been disputed by various theories, such as chaos theory.
How do we know that we are not the product of someone else’s dream, that other people exist apart from ourselves or that our existence has not just begun this minute, our memories being something implanted from the outside? What happens after death or how did the universe appear?
Aspects like these can be analyzed in the light of reason and different theories more or less plausible can be discussed from science, but despite this they cannot be fully explained and objectively demonstrated as our perception is biased by our own subjectivity. .
3. Ethical and moral concepts
Morality has always been and will always be subjective. What one person considers good, bad, cruel, compassionate, romantic, disgusting, sensitive, or harsh may be viewed completely differently by another or even the same person at a different time or situation. And it is that at a scientific level it is only possible to demonstrate concrete facts, the value judgments we make of them cannot be explained by the scientific method.
4. Dark energy and dark matter
Dark matter and energy are another aspect of reality that science cannot explain. What exactly each one of them is and why they exist remains a mystery to this day, although their existence is deduced from the behavior of matter and it is possible to theorize about how they work (for example, the existence of energy dark is sustained by its supposed effect on the progressive expansion of the universe while that of dark matter is extrapolated from the study of the gravitational behavior of different celestial bodies).
5. Light: particle or wave? Is your speed the maximum possible?
Light is one of the elements that have been most taken into account in various scientific theories and in the explanation of numerous phenomena. However, there are still many unknowns regarding this aspect. For example, it is still debated whether photons behave like particles or waves, the answer to this question varying according to the observation made.
Also, Einstein’s theory of relativity establishes the speed of light as the maximum possible. However, with the passage of time, the possibility of higher speeds than this has begun to be debated, such as that of dark energy.
Although science has speculated since the beginning of time where life comes from and has established various theories about how it is formed (and even allows the creation of life forms from inorganic material, at least at the cellular level), still it cannot explain what makes certain particles establish relationships with each other or what makes an organism alive.
7. Chance and chance
The existence of chance, chance, entropy and chaos, is something that science is and has been aware of throughout its history. However, while it is possible to work on trying to bring order to the universe, the existence of this chaos has not been explained or understood.
Each and every one of us knows that we exist. We think, we feel, we believe, we do. We are. But what are we? ¿ Where does this self – awareness comes out that makes us know something differentiated from the rest of the environment? To this day it is still something unknown that science is not able to explain.
9. Black holes
Black holes remain an enigma for science. While they are known to arise from the death of a red giant and to absorb all the matter, radiation, and even light around it, what happens to all absorbed material or what happens inside the black hole remains a mystery. It is a phenomenon in which the laws of physics lose their meaning, assuming the existence of an alteration of space and time.
10. Science itself is scientific
Science is considered all that human knowledge obtained in an objective and verifiable way through experimentation. However, the different sciences start from assumptions that may not be demonstrable (or at least still) empirically, such as the existence of something totally objective or the presence of constant and invariable elements such as the aforementioned mathematics. Therefore, it can be argued that science that science can be wholly objective and therefore scientific.