Although sport is very healthy, its excessive use can wear us out.
Physical exercise is one of the activities that best affects our body and our physical and mental well-being, and that is why sports practice brings many benefits. Experts recommend moderate physical activity at least 3 times a week; otherwise, we run the risk of sedentary lifestyle and other problems.
However, excessive physical exercise can also have negative consequences for a person and their health.
Negative consequences of excessive physical exercise
Controlled physical activity can increase our happiness, improve the health of our heart, help us to have a slim body, reduce stress and many other benefits, as you can see in the article: ” The 10 psychological benefits of practicing physical exercise “
But what happens when we train excessively? What consequences does it have for our body and our mind? We will see it next.
One of the pathological conditions associated with physical training, and especially weight training, is vigorexia. This condition is a type of body dysmorphic disorder in which the person appears less muscular than they are and becomes obsessed with having a gym (i.e. muscular) body.
The origin of vigorexia is found in the image culture in which we live immersed. The media continually send us advertising messages about the perfect body, often in an unrealistic way. The obsession with diet and physical exercise can lead a person to suffer from vigorexia, and vigorexia can lead an individual to become obsessed with physical exercise.
Running has become very fashionable in recent years, and although running is one of the healthiest activities for our body and mind, in excess it can also cause serious problems for the person who overdoes it. And is that anything taken to the extreme can have negative consequences for our body, and running is no exception.
Runnorexia can appear because the person suffers from low self-esteem and, as a consequence, seeks to fill the void that he feels with excess training. Obviously, cultural factors also play a role, and the fact that running is in fashion has also led to an increase in cases of people with runnorexia.
In extreme cases, people with runnorexia may see their quality of life diminish and they may even stop dating their friends or partner. If you want to know more about this disorder, you can read this article: ” Runnorexia: the modern addiction to running “
The rhabdomyolysis is a condition characterized by impaired muscle cells that cause alterations to the body and can become life threatening a person. Its cause can be hereditary, although excessive and intense physical training can also cause its development. Therefore, to prevent this alteration, it is advisable to carry out controlled physical exercises and in suitable conditions.
Injuries are common in athletes, whether they are muscular or joint, and sometimes they occur without excessive exercise being present. However, when we train excessively and do not get enough rest we are more prone to injury. Sometimes it is due to the overload of training and others due to the mental fatigue that occurs, which causes us to have an incorrect technique.
Playing sports in a moderate way can help us feel young and healthy, not only physically, but also psychologically and mentally. However, overexertion accelerates wear and tear on the joints.
6. Overtraining syndrome
The overtraining syndrome is comparable to the burnout syndrome that occurs in companies. This phenomenon, which is also called staleness , can lead a person to have serious health problems and affect their day-to-day life.
When we talk about overtraining, we must distinguish between physical overtraining, which can cause problems, for example, muscle-related, from mental overtraining, which is much more complex and produces the following symptoms: feeling of fatigue, insomnia, depression, loss of vigor , etc. Excess exercise and lack of recovery play a role in developing this disorder.
- If you want to know more: ” Overtraining syndrome: burned athletes “
7. Heart problems
While moderate physical exercise is good for the cardiovascular system, and even intense training when done properly, too much exercise can cause increased circulatory and heart problems.
According to research in Heart magazine, playing a lot of sports can be counterproductive for the heart, especially in those over 30 who train intensely more than five hours a week. The data conclude that 19% of the population are more likely to develop some heart disease such as atrial fibrillation when they reach 60 years of age.
8. Decreased immune system
The immune system is also affected by excessive physical exercise, especially because the body does not rest enough. This causes different problems for the body, because it does not recover properly as it should in a period of rest. The weak immune system manifests itself with more colds, fevers, headaches, and more serious illnesses.