Plaque buildup on teeth can become a real health problem.
The smile of a person is one of the gestures in which we most usually focus on in a positive sense, being an expression usually of joy, affection or illusion before a situation or person. In it, one of the elements that stand out the most are the teeth. And in a world where physical appearance is highly valued and desired, caring for them is essential.
But not only are they important in this sense, but in fact their main function is to allow us to grind food in such a way that we can eat it. The act of feeding makes a large amount of bacteria reach our mouth, which, if not removed through good hygiene, can generate tartar. And in addition to being unsightly, this can be dangerous for teething, so it is advisable to remove it.
How to remove tartar? Let’s look at some ways to do it or at least decrease it throughout this article.
What is tartar and why does it appear?
It is known as tartar, tartar or dental calculus to the hardened and calcified accumulation of bacterial plaque in our dentition, which is directly observable as a yellowish, whitish or brownish mass located in the enamel of the tooth and around its union with the gum. It is formed when salts such as calcium and phosphorus accumulate together with the bacteria present in our teeth and those that come from food, generally in those areas that are difficult to access, such as between the teeth.
Tartar is something annoying and visually unpleasant, but beyond that and if it is not removed, it is also the gateway to a wide variety of dental problems, as colonies of bacteria can form on its surface or in the regions that it leaves once retired. Among them we can find the dreaded periodontitis or pyorrhea, which can end with the fall of teeth, bleeding, bad breath or the appearance of cavities.
Tartar can appear for multiple reasons. The most common is the presence of poor dental hygiene, either because it is not carried out or because it does not include all the areas where food remains can end up (for example, not everyone cleans the space between the teeth) . But it must also be taken into account that the consumption of certain foods and substances (for example, coffee or tobacco), the suffering of diseases such as diabetes or some drugs have an important influence on their possible appearance.
Remove tartar from our mouth: how to remove it?
As we have seen, having tartar is negative and can facilitate the arrival of various problems. That is why it is necessary to remove or eliminate it. In this sense, among the various options that can be taken to reduce tartar levels, we find the following.
1. Regular and deep brushing
The first and most obvious step is to recover or start some basic dental hygiene habits. In this sense, the first thing to do is brush your teeth after each meal, regularly and regularly. It is important that a deep cleaning is carried out regularly. Toothpastes that contain fluoride are recommended.
2. Dental floss
As we have seen before, many people do not clean the space between their teeth since the brush itself does not reach there. These areas are a very relevant nest of bacteria if nothing is done, and dental floss can be used to avoid this.
A third general step when it comes to removing or preventing tartar is to use mouthwashes, which allow the tartar and dirt particles to be dragged out of the tooth at the same time in most cases they act as antiseptic agents. This makes it difficult for tartar to appear.
Keep in mind that its use does not imply that they should not brush their teeth, but that it is something complementary.
4. Dental cleaning
The previous steps are useful at the time of preventing the appearance of tartar or treating its existence in its origins, although later and once a hardening has occurred it will be necessary to apply other measures. In fact, one of the only ones that can allow the removal of tartar from all oral areas, regardless of its hardness and age, is dental cleaning, that is, performed by a dentist or dentist.
Among the interventions carried out in this regard, the procedure known as scale-out or removal of tartar / tartar is usually used. In it, techniques such as scraping are used, which can be coronal or root and which seeks to remove the visible tartar on the teeth or the one that forms on the inside of the gum. It is recommended to do it once every six months or a year.
5. Homemade alternatives that can help reduce it
In addition to all the aforementioned, there are methods traditionally used to try to remove dental plaque and tartar, although basically its action is mainly focused on the use of the ability to scratch and remove tartar as if we were brushing it. Of course, these alternatives should be made as a complement, not as a substitute.
Among these alternatives, one of the best known is the use of bicarbonate, which is useful for whitening and removing harmful elements such as dental calculus. In this sense, it is important to bear in mind that this can be positive for such actions, but it also contributes to destroying the image. Also the act of eating an apple or fruit, especially if it is with your skin, helps to drag dirt.
- Jin, Y; Yip, HK (2002). “Supragingival calculus: formation and control”. Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine. 13 (5): 426-441.
- Westfelt, Elisabeth (1996). “Rationale of mechanical plaque control”. Journal of Clinical Perioontology. 23 (3): 263-267.