One of the historical figures that arouse the most contrary opinions due to the dominance he imposed.
Iósif Vissariónovich Dzhugashvili, better known as Iósif Stalin (1879 – 1953) is certainly the most important political figure in the entire history of the Slavic people, of the Russian ethnic group more specifically. Many will not know that Josif or Josef was born in Gori, Georgia under the Russian tsars. He was born into a somewhat unhappy family (as his father was an alcoholic).
His passage through the history and political books are not unworthy of mention, since Stalin, in addition to creating a state of almost total domination over the citizens, transformed the feudal Russia into an economic and military power, thanks to his agrarian reforms promoted under Soviet communism, the militarization and modernization of the army and the great responsibility that its role had in the end of the Second World War (1939 – 1945).
Brief biography and the emergence of Stalin
Joseph Stalin was orphaned in his teens, and when his father could not take care of his education (he was poor and often spanked his son), he entered a religious boarding school. From the beginning he stood out for his insubordination and contempt at school before the teachers’ authorities.
At that time, Stalin joined the ranks of the socialist revolutionary struggles and activities, opposing the absolutism of the tsars. In 1903 the Russian Social Democratic Party split in two, with Iosif following the insignia of the more radical wing called “Bolshevik”.
It was at that time that Iósif acquired the name “Stalin”, which means “iron man”, to honor his relentless character when carrying out his ideas, resorting to practices of dubious legitimacy, such as the purge He started against another revolutionary like Leon Trotsky, his arch enemy in the struggle for power.
Re-founded the Social Democratic party as a Communist party, Stalin became the general secretary in 1922, after the triumph of the Russian Revolution in 1917, he saw in the chaos the opportunity to rise in power and become the strong man of change.
The USSR and Stalinism
The Union of Soviet Republics was established in 1922, until it fell into total collapse in 1991. The idea of the Marxist republic was the emergence of a socialist world power and spread geographically in its area of influence. This supposes its assimilation in all the Eurasian part, reaching even the Arab and Latin American countries inclusive.
As it could not be otherwise, Iósif Stalin was its maximum supporter and exponent of such a project, and with great cunning he knew how to impose his law. It turned the country into not only an economic or military power, but also an ideological one. It was a meteoric evolution at an industrial level for Russia, competing with the United States for world hegemony.
However, everything has a price. Price that the local population had to pay, subjected to a police state, with oppressive touches and eliminating any type of political dissidence. She purged her most direct collaborators, imposed harsh labor laws to accelerate technological development and tyrannized the rest of the Satellite States (countries subject to the communist regime).
Model for some, oppressor for others
Joseph Stalin did not leave – nor does he leave – anyone indifferent. Admirers brag about him and even pay tribute to him annually in his native Georgia, turning the rite into something of a pilgrimage. On the other hand, many are those who qualify him as one of the most bloodthirsty dictators that history has ever known.
The socio-economic measures carried out by “the iron man” are indisputable: agrarian reform, the technological revolution, development of the aeronautical industry that led the Russians to be the first to orbit space, and the collectivization of the means of production, marked a before and after at the international level that lasts until today.
Likewise, he achieved all this with an iron fist, by decimating individual rights such as freedom of expression, the prohibition of exile and with the creation of fearsome secret services such as the KGB It is said that he murdered more communists than their own enemies.
His death in 1953 due to natural causes, meant the decline of the Socialist Union and its degree of supremacy, contributing to the so-called “Cold War”, where the USSR would gradually lose influence and power until its end in 1991.