Evolutionary Psychology shows us the way in which evolution modulates our behavior
Although Evolutionism is a scientific paradigm based on biological evolution, its laws and knowledge are also applicable to other areas of human life, such as social and psychological. Like all current explanatory models, it cannot explain human complexity in its entirety, but it can offer an interesting vision that helps us better understand what surrounds us.
The 10 principles of Evolutionism that will help you understand life
In order to adopt the evolutionary perspective, we must understand the principles on which it is based and bear in mind that the word evolution is sometimes used as a synonym for the life process or life itself.
1. The reality is changing
In the world there are so many elements in permanent interaction that nothing is static, everything and everyone is in a process of constant change. This principle is explained by evolutionists with the Red Queen Effect . This hypothesis is extracted from the second part of Lewis Carroll’s story Alice in Wonderland , where the inhabitants of the country of the Red Queen must run as fast as possible to be able to preserve their status quo and simply stay where they are.
In real life, we can observe how this effect occurs in numerous areas, such as work, where training recycling is necessary if you do not want to be out of date or be outmatched by the competition, or in the social-economic, where not to be up to date in the latest trends it can mean social exclusion, in the war sphere “arms races” are the simile of this effect since not being up to date in armaments can mean losing the war. From this principle we can draw the conclusion: evolve or die.
2. Evolution does not have a pre-established purpose, it just happens constantly
Searching for a meaning in life is generally useless and can be a question to which we can never give an answer, therefore, we have to be the ones who give it meaning and establish it.
3. Evolution is convergent
There is no end but there are paths for evolution that are very clearly laid out. Although we live in a very large world, all people throughout the history of humanity have followed very similar evolutions both in physical and intellectual development and in the development of the life cycle, that is, we converge in most aspects.
4. Evolution follows a path
You cannot go where you want, but where you can. There are always limitations and obstacles that individuals have to overcome as they can, overcoming themselves or making use of available resources.
5. Evolution is not perfectionist, it is opportunistic
If things work, why change it? We know that the law of least effort governs the universe, and generally in people’s lives this also happens. If we are well, we are not oriented towards change.
6. One function can be adapted to another function
Following the line of the previous principle of not trying too hard, people are not used to looking for new ways of doing things, but we adapt the skills that we already have to solve the different challenges that are presented to us. This point is closely related to the following …
7. When something arises and works, it is copied, copied and copied …
And it repeats itself without stopping, so that it spreads exponentially. But, if something that is better appears, the above is discontinued. This phenomenon can be observed …
8. The nature of evolution is thrifty
As we have seen in the previous points, try not to spend too many resources, except for reproduction. When an individual sees opportunities to reproduce (or simply to have sex), they make their greatest investments of resources in all aspects, in the case of the human being, they invest time, dedication, money, cognitive resources, strategy development, and a long etc.
9. Evolution never comes back, it just goes
The same thing happens with life, we can never go back or undo past actions. All we can do is pull forward.
10. You cannot fight against the principles of evolution
The only thing that living beings can do before this fact is to adapt. Life, therefore, is adaptation.