What are the most dangerous states with the highest violent mortality rate?
The world can be a wonderful place, but it can also be hostile and unsafe. There are countries where violence and insecurity are very present.
Every year, the Institute for Economics and Peace produces the Global Peace Index, which aims to find out which are the most dangerous and insecure countries in the world based on 22 indicators : number of internal and external conflicts, political insecurity, terrorist activity, number of homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, etc.
What are the most unsafe countries in the world?
Among the 162 countries that this institution studies. Here we show you the 25 most insecure states in the world.
The North American country has high levels of crime, and this region has become a strategic place for drug trafficking that comes to the United States from Latin America. In the last 15 years, the cases of robberies, kidnappings and homicides have been registered in the country, and according to data from “The National Public Security System” indicated that in 2016 a total of 20,189 people were murdered.
Ethiopia has high levels of criminal and political violence that has resulted in numerous injuries and deaths. Theft of occupied vehicles, the extraction of wallets and other petty crimes are common in this country. Street violence is common and kidnappings of foreigners have occasionally been reported.
23. Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast has suffered two Civil Wars that started in 2002 and 2010. This country’s Second Civil War turned into a large-scale military conflict between forces loyal to Laurent Gbagbo, President of the Ivory Coast since 2000, and supporters of the internationally recognized President Alassane Ouattara. International organizations have denounced numerous cases of human rights violations by both parties.
Ukraine has experienced a series of conflicts in recent years, since February 2014, especially in the south of the country. The protests in Donetsk and Lugansk have turned into an armed separatist insurgency leading the Ukrainian government to launch a military counteroffensive against the insurgents. These conflicts have caused thousands of victims and have placed this country on the list of 25 most unsafe countries in the world.
Chad is considered one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world ; and many of the people of this country live in extreme poverty. Their political instability has brought violence to the streets and sparked numerous coup attempts. This country lives immersed in crime and corruption.
Egypt has also experienced troubled times in recent years, especially in 2012, against then-President Mohamed Morsi. Political demonstrations have resulted in violent clashes with dozens killed and hundreds injured. Furthermore, in this country there is ongoing Christian persecution and discrimination on multiple levels.
India is a country immersed in the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, inadequate public health, and terrorism. Crime is also a major problem, as crimes against women, domestic violence, drug and arms trafficking are a reality.
This West African country has suffered from political instability for decades, specifically since its independence in 1974. Poverty in Guinea-Bissau is considerable, and the country also suffers from a high crime rate. Murders and human trafficking are among the most common criminal acts.
The armed conflicts in Syria have also affected Lebanon. Sunni Muslims in Lebanon mostly support the rebels in Syria, while Shiites in this country have largely supported Syrian President Bashar al-Ássad. Murders, riots and kidnappings of foreign nationals throughout Lebanon are a common occurrence.
Yemen has suffered 11 civil wars and social unrest. The country lives immersed in poverty, unemployment, corruption … The government and its security forces have been responsible for torture, inhuman treatment and extrajudicial executions. Freedom of expression, the press and religion are restricted, homosexuality is illegal, punishable by death.
The African continent is living in continuous conflict, as demonstrated by many countries including Zimbabwe. The country’s economy is seriously damaged, which has repercussions on social dilemmas. Disputes with firearms and violent acts are the order of the day.
Israel suffers a great deal of conflict in large part because of its situation with respect to Palestine. Being in a conflict zone in the Middle East, armed disputes are common. The struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the middle of the 20th century and the Holy Land lives in continuous tension, especially in the Gaza Strip.
Inequality is a constant in Colombia, where, according to the Human Development Index of the United Nations (UN), the richest 10% of the country’s population earns four times more than the poorest 40%. The Andean country is considered one of the most dangerous in Latin America, although other rankings consider Honduras as a more insecure territory than Colombia.
Nigeria suffers both economically and socially, with ongoing conflict and human rights abuses. His government is notorious for corruption, where public officials take advantage of their position to line their pockets. Rape and discrimination based on sex are common.
Russia has a high crime rate. It is a country known for its mafia groups, extortion, drug trafficking, hitmen, kidnapping and money laundering. According to the UN, the Russian Federation is one of the leading countries in homicides by the United Nations.
10. North Korea
North Korea frequently appears in the media for experiencing a dictatorship at the hands of Kim Jong-un. Amnesty International has on many occasions denounced the restrictions on freedom and human rights suffered by the inhabitants of this country. Arbitrary detention, torture and other ill-treatment leading to death and executions are not uncommon in this Asian country.
Pakistan is considered one of the countries with a high number of terrorists. In fact, the Afghanistan-Pakistan zone, in terms of terrorist acts, is second only to the Syria-Iraq zone. In addition, political instability, overpopulation, poverty, illiteracy or corruption, make this country one of the most insecure on the planet.
8. Democratic Republic of the Congo
A politically unstable country, but like many African states, it is rich in natural resources. Corruption and exploitation and resource extraction and exploitation reign in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. War conflicts have been frequent in the last two decades, killing more than 5.4 million individuals and causing diseases such as malaria.
7. Central African Republic
Another African country on the list that, especially after gaining independence from France in the 1960s, has experienced different dictatorships. The first multi-party democratic elections were held in 1993, when Ange-Félix Patassé was elected president. Serious clashes take place between Muslim and Christian factions.
The armed conflicts have marked the history of Sudan, especially its civil wars and the war in the Darfur region. Human rights are ignored in this country, and both ethnic cleansing and slavery occur. Its Sudanese legal system is governed by Islamic law.
Somalia is experiencing an internal conflict that began in 1991 and is still active today. The war has caused hundreds of thousands of casualties so far, and rebel troops, especially Islamists , continue to be added .
Iraq is one of the countries most devastated by the war, which officially ended in 2011; however, conflicts are still present, and at the political level instability is a reality. The so-called Islamic State continues to expand in this region, where there have been major war conflicts such as those in Mosul or Tikrit.
3. South Sudan
South Sudan is a different country from Sudan, which became independent in 2011. This region has suffered from internal conflict for decades, and ethnic violence is the norm. The result has been numerous victims.
The conflicts in Afghanistan, which began in 2001, are known worldwide. NATO and allied countries have participated in the country’s civil war, which arose after the 9/11 attacks. The victims can number in the tens of thousands.
Syria is the most dangerous country in the world today due to the armed conflict that it is experiencing and that began in 2011, with protests against the Bashar al-Ássad government, whose forces responded with violent repression measures. It is estimated that more than 200,000 civilians have already died.